Pathways

Pathway options

It’s good to know all the options available from aged 16, whether your child is just discovering their favourite subjects, getting ready to make their GCSE choices, or well on the way to completing this stage of study. The more information your child has on what they can do next, through ongoing conversations, the easier big decisions at the key milestones will be.

Pathways at 16+

Students aged 16+ who are ready to begin level 3 training and education have three main choices.

T-Levels
T-levels were introduced in 2020 and are currently being rolled out across the country. Your child will take a two-year course designed with employers and spend approximately 80% of their time in a classroom setting at school or college and 20% on an industry placement with an employer. One T-level is equivalent to three A-levels.

Apprenticeships
Apprenticeships combine part-time study with training in a paid job. Your child will spend most of their time at work and at least 20% of their time ‘off-the-job’ studying, usually in a classroom setting at a college or with a training provider. From age 16, a young person will usually begin a level 2 or level 3 apprenticeship.

A-levels
Most students select three subjects to study at A-level, over a two-year period. However, your child could choose to combine A-levels with other qualifications or to study more than three A-levels.

Pathways at 16+

Students aged 16+ who are ready to begin level 3 training and education have three main choices.

T-Levels
T-levels were introduced in 2020 and are currently being rolled out across the country. Your child will take a two-year course designed with employers and spend approximately 80% of their time in a classroom setting at school or college and 20% on an industry placement with an employer. One T-level is equivalent to three A-levels.

Apprenticeships
Apprenticeships combine part-time study with training in a paid job. Your child will spend most of their time at work and at least 20% of their time ‘off-the-job’ studying, usually in a classroom setting at a college or with a training provider. From age 16, a young person will usually begin a level 2 or level 3 apprenticeship.

A-levels
Most students select three subjects to study at A-level, over a two-year period. However, your child could choose to combine A-levels with other qualifications or to study more than three A-levels.

 

Pathways from 18+

Employment
Employment options available from age 18 will vary depending on where you live. To start exploring the options, you could have a conversation with your child’s school or college. They can advise on the best job prospects locally, as well as roles that are suitable for your child.

They can also help you access labour market information, which shows existing jobs in the local area, the skills needed for certain roles and which local industries are likely to need more employees in the future.

Apprenticeships
Apprenticeships from 18+ combine study with training in a paid job. They are offered at different levels, depending on the nature of the job, starting at Level 2 (GCSEs are Level 2 qualifications for example) and including Level 6, which is the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree.

Higher education
The options for higher education include a bachelor’s degree and higher technical qualifications (e.g., HNC/HNDs and foundation degrees). These courses are delivered in universities and further education colleges.

Further education
Employment or higher education may not be the best next step for your child at 18+. They may wish to complete a level 3 qualification instead, for example, which supports entry into the workplace or further study. Your local further education college can advise on the options available at this stage.

Pathways from 18+

Employment
Employment options available from age 18 will vary depending on where you live. To start exploring the options, you could have a conversation with your child’s school or college. They can advise on the best job prospects locally, as well as roles that are suitable for your child.

They can also help you access labour market information, which shows existing jobs in the local area, the skills needed for certain roles and which local industries are likely to need more employees in the future.

Apprenticeships
Apprenticeships from 18+ combine study with training in a paid job. They are offered at different levels, depending on the nature of the job, starting at Level 2 (GCSEs are Level 2 qualifications for example) and including Level 6, which is the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree.

Higher education
The options for higher education include a bachelor’s degree and higher technical qualifications (e.g., HNC/HNDs and foundation degrees). These courses are delivered in universities and further education colleges.

Further education
Employment or higher education may not be the best next step for your child at 18+. They may wish to complete a level 3 qualification instead, for example, which supports entry into the workplace or further study. Your local further education college can advise on the options available at this stage.